non compatible technologies
Different stakeholders have traditionally used radically different technologies in emergency management situations, ranging from general purpose classical phones to PMR handhelds.
Such heterogeneous scenario typically results in interoperability and integration problems, limiting the emergency information exchange and leding to complex and expensive ad-hoc gateway systems.
Several standardization efforts have been performed aimed to homogenize traditional PMR systems. Yet, their actual deployment has followed a slower pace than the adoption of novel IP based solutions for emergency management.
Next generation Emergency Networks follows current shift of paradigms from closed proprietary niche technologies to open interoperable systems empowering cost effective, simpler and richer communication playgrounds for citizens, first responders and NG112/NG911 authorities.
The use of IP technologies and common signaling mechanisms enable the composition of different emergency services with ready-to-use building blocks.
Among several potential building blocks, we highlight the widespreading of mobile broadband networks with common capabilities for data transmission and communications signaling. This aspect facilitates the emergence of novel mobile communication and application modalities of interest for emergency management operations.
The evolution of mobile broadband networks and services towards unified management systems and cloud-enabled deployments is a promising step towards supporting the required mission critical aspects in commercial networks.
All-IP Next generation framework
The current trends adopted by standardization and market stakeholders tend to a new generation of emergency communications systems based on standardized solutions and more in line with the actual evolution of the general purpose broadband mobile networks. Although based on separate initiatives and in different steps, the new paradigm affects to both next generation citizen-to-authority (NG112/NG911) and next generation public safety (NGPS) communications.
Built upon open and standardized building blocks such as 4G LTE or future 5G access networks, all-IP core networks and IMS/SIP-based signaling plane, all the stakeholders in the ecosystem will inherit equivalent functionalities and will take advantage of the economies of scale, enriched multimedia capabilities and flexible app ecosystem. In a not too distant future, mobile broadband networks and user devices will be endowed with mission critical grade features, helping to close the gap between technology innovations and the specific requirements of emergency communications.
This new communications framework will allow unleashing unforeseen technological capabilities for emergency management operations and will foster the irruption of new players that will bring sound technology innovations to the field of emergency communications in an easier unified way.